Today, there are more than 5,000 communities around the world who “indigenous”. Therefore, the UN celebrates these people as a world heritage that should be preserved.
But there are still many communities around the world that are attempting to resist cultural leveling. They wanted to preserve their historic traditions.
They don’t want to change their methods of life. Their exceptional social, cultural, economic and political traits in contrast to dominant societies.
In December 1994, the General Assembly of UN proclaimed August 9 as the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples.
Protecting Indigenous Community from Civilization
With all the advancement of society, all ethnic groups are afraid to lose their rights.
After centuries of oppression, colonization and “exportation of cultures”, the world has regarded the want to introduce exclusive measures to protect their rights.
In 2007, the UN adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. They offer remarkable significance to collective rights in worldwide human rights law.
Declaration on the Rights of the Indigenous Community
The declaration is using the UN General Assembly precisely ten years ago, the thirteenth of September 2007.
This anniversary, a necessary step in cultivating appreciate for native populations, is the focal point of this year’s global day.
Moreover, the document establishes the right of indigenous peoples to preserve and improve their institutions, cultures, and traditions.
It will also allow them to undertake the form of improvement most suitable to their needs and aspirations.
Additionally, the declaration gives the indigenous people the right to have an education, health, livelihood, and language. Indigenous populations also experience the right to self-determination.
In the past decade, the United Nations have a lot of accomplishments of the Declaration.
However, these achievements there is still a massive gap between the formal focus of indigenous peoples and the implementation of enough policies.
World’s Indigenous Day 2019 Edition
The United Nations has declared 2019 the International Year of Indigenous Languages and this year’s version of the international day is also committed to the goal of keeping the latter.
It is also to safeguard the rights and well-being of those who can keep them alive.
The basis of the forte of the 5,000 native communities around the world is there many languages.
It is no longer solely define their social and cultural identity, but enable them to hand down their customs, expertise, and history.
Of the 6,700 languages spoken around the world, the large majority are indigenous.
A language will become extinct every two weeks and even as the number of people who speaks English, Chinese and Spanish increases.
Invading on the disclose of greater peripheral ones, between 50 and 90 percent of languages could disappear by the end of this century.
We’re dealing with the inexorable loss of native peoples’ cultural heritage and there’s little left to do but act to attempt and keep it.
The Importance To Preserve The Ethnic Groups
It’s already clear that it’s essential to contain indigenous representatives at each decision-making level.
The first indigenous man to take part in a UN meeting was Ted Moses, a former Grand Chief of the Grand Council of the Crees, a tribe native to Canada in 1989.
He denounced the consequences of racial discrimination on the economic and social prerequisites of his people. Despite public declarations, native people’s rights are systematically trampled on.
Just like in Brazil, the place the hydroelectric Belo Monte dam was constructed without consulting local communities.
Indigenous peoples also defend indispensable secrets. They know how medicinal plants must be used and recognize the language of nature.
Most of us have stopped doing it. This is a greater reason to keep maintaining these cultures.