Scientists discovered a hog-nosed rat in remote Indonesia. It is the third discovery of genus and species by the Victorian scientists since 2012.
The hog-nosed rat or Hyorhinomys stuempkei is a shrew rat with a large, flat, pink nose and forward-facing nostrils.
Scientists from the Museum Victoria and the Louisiana State University Museum of Natural Science said the rats can be found in a remote, mountainous forest of Mount Dako, on Sulawesi Island in Indonesia.
In a study published in the Journal of Mammalogy, the rat has extremely large ears and long hind legs that may be used for hopping. It also has long white incisors and very long urogenital hairs.
According to an article, long incisors are a trait of shrew rats. However, a hog-nosed rat has especially longer ones.
In addition, it lacks a jaw muscle attachment point found in most mammals called the coronoid process on the dentary bone.
Meanwhile, the team of scientists said the Sulawesi is a geographically complex area. They are looking into it as one of their prospect sides to discover more species and conduct observations that can be found in the area.
In 2012, the team discovered Few-toothed shrew rat or Paucidentomys vermidax.
Meanwhile, the team also observed the Sulawesi water rat or Waiomys mamasae, which villagers used as talisman to protect their homes from fire.