HIV/AIDS is fairly known around the world, but the importance of knowing what it is might help you in the future.
Importance of knowing what HIV/AIDS is?
- HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
- AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV/AIDS is a virus that attacks cells that helps the body fight infection, therefore it basically makes the person more vulnerable to diseases and infections.
How is it transmitted?
HIV/AIDS can only be transmitted by direct contact with certain body fluids from a person with HIV, such as:
- Semen and pre-seminal fluid
- Rectal fluid
- Vaginal fluids
- Breast milk
The virus doesn’t spread through air and water, or through casual contact (saliva).
Is it curable?
HIV is a lifelong disease, in other words, it has no cure, though many scientists are working on to find one. Without treatment, meanwhile, a person with HIV is likely to develop into a serious condition called AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. The life expectancy of people with AIDS is about three years if untreated.
Is there any treatment?
A treatment called Antiretroviral therapy (ART), therefore it’s possible to manage HIV, so can they live with the virus for many more years.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the use of HIV medicines to treat the infection. It is highly recommended for every person having HIV. ART helps people with HIV live longer, live healthier lives and reduces the risk of HIV transmission.
Most people who have been infected by HIV have a flu-like symptom within a month or two after the virus enters the body. Possible signs may include the following like fever, headache, muscle aches, and joint pains, rash, sore throat and painful mouth sores, and swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck.
These symptoms may be mild, but be aware that you might not notice them. So remember how this disease can be transmitted.