Health is a concern to everyone. Now, here’s everything you need to know about Ebola.
What is it?
Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes fever, body aches, diarrhea, and sometimes bleeding. As the virus spread through the human body, it damages the immune system and the organs. Generally, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. Now, this leads to uncontrollable bleeding.
The first human outbreaks occurred in 1976, one in northern Zaire, (the now Democratic Republic of the Congo) in central Africa. And in southern Sudan (now South Sudan). The virus was named after the Ebola River, where the virus was first recognized. According to the CDC.
How do you get it?
It is extremely infectious but isn’t as contagious as colds, influenza, or measles. It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal. Then it moves from person to another person the same way. Those who care for the person, or bury someone who died from the infection often get it. You can’t get Ebola from the air, water, or food. A person who has Ebola but has no symptoms can’t spread the disease, either.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms show up to 2 to 21 days after a person was infected. Symptoms may include:
- High fever
- Joint and muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
As the disease gets worse, it causes bleeding inside the body as well as the outside like for example in the eyes, ears, and nose. Some people will vomit or cough blood, have bloody diarrhea or gets a rash.
Treatment and Prevention
Doctors manage the symptom with fluids and electrolytes, oxygen, blood pressure medication, blood transfusion, and treatment for other infections.
There’s a vaccine to prevent Ebola, but it is not yet available to some countries. And better yet the best way to avoid infection is to not visit or travel to areas where the virus is present. Health care workers can prevent infection by wearing masks, gloves, and goggles whenever they come into contact with people who may have Ebola.
Now, here’s a related topic on Health Awareness just click.