Scientists discovered more than 140 new Nazca lines. Ancient people carved this in the Earth. Hoping they might hold clues on how they lived, thousands of years ago.
Researchers from Yamagata University in Japan discovered the ancient pictures (geoglyphs). Carved out of the sand on a Peruvian coastal plain. It resembles living things and other objects.
The new geoglyphs found will join the existing collection of mysterious drawings in Peru called Nazca lines.
The area declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. At that time only 30 identified.
According to UNESCO listing,
These lines, which were scratched on the surface of the ground between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500, are among archaeology’s greatest enigmas because of their quantity, nature, size and continuity.
Some of the 140 new Nazca Lines
These are just examples of the new Nazca lines discovered. The figures created by removing the black stones that cover the land, thus exposing the white sand. The scientists said, geoglyphs categorized into two types based on how they make it.
The larger Type-A geoglyphs were made by removing stones to form lines, while Type-B, the smaller ones, were created by removing stones to make solid-colored surfaces.
Professor Masato Sakai, who led the research team, told CNN.
Type A geoglyphs generally distributed near the river valley, while Type B geoglyphs distributed beside paths or on sloping inclines and thought as wayposts when traveling.
The new discoveries will provide us some clues for understanding pattern of distribution of biomorphic geoglyphs in more detail.
He also added that priority is to protect the new-found geoglyphs, as nearby geoglyphs are being destroyed.
Sakai and other researchers at Yamagata University have been studying the lines since 2004, and they are working to bring awareness to their existence to preserve them for future generations.